Monday, December 21, 2009
Standard 1: Scientific and Theoretical Knowledge Physical education teacher candidates know and apply discipline-specific scientific and theoretical concepts critical to the development of physically educated individuals.
Understanding and knowing how the body moves and works is vital for a Physical Educator. I have completed Anatomy 1 and 2, Motor Behavior, Biomechanics, and will be taking Exercise Physiology in the Spring 2010 semester. These classes have introduced me to important topics like how the body moves and various factors that contribute to movement of the body. Having an understanding in these topics will suit me students as I will be better able to explain how to perform proper movements.
Standard 2: Skill-Based and Fitness-Based Competence Physical education teacher candidates are physically educated individuals with the knowledge and skills necessary to demonstrate competent movement performance and health-enhancing fitness as delineated in NASPE's K-12 Standards
As I continue my way through my Undergraduate work in Physical Education I continue to do well in activity classes. I feel that it is important to know various topics and be able to explain and demonstrate them for students. For example track and field, gymnastics, and racket activates are some of the activity courses I have completed. These and the rest of my activity classes will help me know how to teach to my students. In addition completion of Health Related fitness has helped me learn how to develop a proper workout based on results of different fitness tests.
Standard 3: Planning and Implementation. Physical education teacher candidates plan and implement developmentally appropriate learning experiences aligned with local, state and national standards to address the diverse needs of all students.
During the Spring 2010 semester I will be taking Adaptive Physical Education class. I will learn more about working with students with disabilities. I have also had experience working with Cortland Homer After school Mentoring Program also know as CHAMP a program designed to help elementary children with home work but also improving physical and social aspects as well. While teaching in some of my other classes I have at times had to adapt my lesson on to meet the needs for my peers who were role playing students with diverse needs. Physical education is unique and can be taught differently to many people. As a teacher you cannot be set on doing things one way, but rather flexible.
Standard 4: Instructional Delivery and Management. Physical education teacher candidates use effective communication and pedagogical skills and strategies to enhance student engagement and learning.
To help enhance student engagement a teacher should show enthusiasm and use language that is appropriate to the students they are teaching. If the students do not understand what you are saying or can tell you are not excited to be there then they will not be excited and thus learning will be nearly impossible and not take place. Visual aids, like the one I used in my bowling lesson (view below), are important. Proper visual aids will help draw the attention of the learners and help give them valuable information that they can quickly look at to help them remember.
Standard 5: Impact on Student Learning. Physical education teacher candidates utilize assessments and reflection to foster student learning and to inform instructional decisions.
Proper assessments are vital when determining ability or knowledge of the students. In my Stats 434 class we spent a great deal of time on validity, reliability, and authenticity of a proper assessment. We spent the second half of the year on a group project where we team-taught a lesson. We had to create a lesson and create an assessment both physical and cognitive. This helped me learn to differentiate qualities between a proper assessment versus an ineffective assessment.
Standard 6: Professionalism. Physical Education teacher candidates demonstrate dispositions essential to becoming effective professionals.
An important aspect of a teacher is appearance such as how you dress and the manner in which you speak. I am always dressed in appropriate attire for my classes and when I teach. I am also prepared when I teach and will often be thinking of what I plan to say or how to adapt when things are not going as planned. In addition it is important to think of ways to improve lessons to better suit the students.
I feel that I meet each of these standards and know I will continue to improve at each during my undergraduate work. It is important to never be content with what you know or can do. There is always room for improvement and I know I will keep pushing myself to become a better teacher. Teaching Physical Education is what I love to do and I want change the way people view Phys Ed class and help as many as I can in doing so.
Saturday, December 19, 2009
Health Class and Physical Education Class become ONE
Recently I was introduced to http://www.mypyramid.gov/kids/kids_game.html a fun and educational game targeted for youngsters to help learn healthy eating habits. The object was to fuel a space ship with enough fuel for grains, vegetables, fruits, milk, and meats/beans so it could make it to the destination planet power. You could select different foods for breakfast, lunch, snack, and dinner to fill up the fuel tank. You have to be careful not to overload the fuel tank. Then the last part was to charge the battery by selecting 60 minutes of physical activity.
Check out this game review
The idea of combining health and physical education is early elementary is something that I have been considering as of lately. I know that as a nation we have done a miserable job at fulfilling the requirements set forth in Healthy People 2010. My girlfriend is in a two year nursing program and recently told me of a discussion that her class had suggesting that health and importance of eating properly is something that should be introduced into the public schools. Rather than changing unhealthy lifestyles at an older age, students should learn proper eating and lifestyles at an early age. As the children grow they can continue to keep their lifestyles and thus be more educated and more fit to make proper decisions about their health. My idea as future Phys Ed teacher would be to combine health topics into the gymnasium. As a result I have created a 35 minute lesson that could be used to help elementary children learn about the food pyramid but at the same time receive fitness from the physical education class itself. I feel that this could be a very important route to take because the rate of obesity as a population as a whole and especially children have greatly increased in the recent decades. To help slow down and ultimately decrease the number it is going to take time. However, I feel that this niche will help my students in my district where I land a job not only as a Physical Educator but as a health educator as well.
Take a look at my ideas below
Below are pictures of me playing the game. To be fair I am not in my best appearance because I am still recovering from mono.
1. Demonstrates competency in motor skills and movement patterns needed to perform a variety of physical activities.
While completing my various activity course I have improved many of my motor skills that will help me when I become a Physical Educator so my students can learn easier and more efficiently if I am skilled and can properly demonstrate these skills. This semester I was able to score a 8/10 qualitative score on my forearm pass and serve. On my set and attacking hit I was able to score a 9/10. From the beginning of the semester I had improved on three of the four areas while remaining constant on the last.
2. Demonstrates understanding of movement concepts, principles, strategies and tactics as they apply to the learning and performance of physical activities.
During my physical education days as student in elementary or high school I had little experience with track and field. However, I did well in track and field where displayed my ability to throw discuss, shot-put, proper sprinting and long jump form, as well as other various skills such as the hurdles and baton relay. There were only two topics I did not receive a ten out of ten. Hurdles I had difficulty with and recorded an 8, while in long jump I had a 9.
3. Participates regularly in physical activity.
I have always been a very active individual from a young age. This has not stopped as I have aged. I continue to play soccer and golf from the spring to late fall days with friends or alone. In the winter I am a snowboard instructor at Labrador Mountain. During the summer I work at the Cortland Youth Bureau working with children 7-14. Keeping up with the children and all of their activities can be exhausting but very rewarding. I also enjoy other activities such as basketball, tennis, and racquetball. Fortunately most of these activities are ones I can continue late into life, and I plan to do just that.
4. Achieves and maintains a health-enhancing level of physical fitness.
When in top shape for soccer I could run 2 miles in 12 minutes. Even when not in peak performance I can run one mile in a relatively good time around seven minutes as I did for my PED 182 Health related fitness class. I also finished second out of about 14 students when we did our pacer test. In addition my BMI is around 22.
5. Exhibits responsible personal and social behavior that respects self and others in physical activity settings.
I have always been a caring individual who respects others and obeys class rules. I do not make fun of others by laughing at them when they are unable to perform a task. After all we are all skilled in different areas. Just because someone is unable to perform a task correctly does not mean they are unable to all skills poorly. A student may not be able to make 7 out of 10 free throws, but they are great at dribbling and passing. All that maters is everybody attempts everything to their best of their ability.
6. Values physical activity for health, enjoyment, challenge, self-expression, and/or social interaction
I consider myself an active healthy individual who enjoys staying in shape. Not only does physical activity make me feel and look better it provides an opportunity to challenge myself to do better. In addition team sports help create strong social interaction with others. I have been playing soccer since I was young and have been a part of various teams of different ages, areas, and skill levels. It has helped me become a better person and learn form my mistakes and mistakes of others.
I continue to build and expand on all six standards as I continue my voyage on becoming a Physical Educator. I love sports and being active and I hope I can spread the joy to my students when I become a teacher.
During the fall soccer season I was a member of Cortland State’s Club soccer team. This allows players who want more competition compared to intramurals or who may have used up their eligibility for varsity. We compete and travel against other area colleges such as SUNY ESF, Syracuse University, Cornell, SUNY Oswego, and Ithaca. Our team is coached by a student Liem O’Connell who last year suffered a season ending injury last year. Unable to play Liem opted to be a coach for this fall’s squad. I was fortunate to complete my 10 hours of volunteer experience helping Liem, while being a member of the team. We would meet anywhere from two to four times a week depending on availability of fields. Our typical weekly schedule would consist of practice on Tuesday, Thursday, and Friday with games on Saturday. During the season I was able to help introduce new drills and activities while doing minor projects like moving goals into position or off the field when we were done. I am a defensive player who has been playing since I was four. I feel that defense is the most important aspect of any sport. Obviously with this background the drills and activities were focused on either improving individual defensive skills or defense as a unit. It was difficult in the sense that because we are not a varsity team and classes and work would conflict with practices so we would have a different group of players at every practice. This made working as a team a bit difficult but also helps players become better team players. As a result of our hard work and strong defensive mind we gave up 1 goal or fewer in 5 out of our seven contests as we went on to win our league and end of the year tournament.
Monday, November 16, 2009
On Monday November 9th our 255 class met at Cort-Lanes bowling alley to begin our last teaching for our Lab D. The other two teachers and myself had reserved ten lanes for our lesson so we could have two students per lane to increase activity time for the students. Unfortunately, the men’s bowling league ran a bit longer than expected and we had to wait for them to clear out before we could get in our lanes. This allowed an opportunity for our students to get their bowling shoes and a bowling ball. I taught second so I was able to set my worksheets that I had created for the lesson under the bowling ball retrieval stations (for a closer look at these sheets check out the links at the bottom of this post). Our lessons were intended to fill 15 minutes but we had to shorten them by a few minutes to allow all three of us to teach. This meant eliminating the Wii bowling from the lesson as an option for some of the students. I began my lesson by showing a poster that introduced my cues that I was going to cover for the lesson.
In case you are unable to read my cues from the photo above, my four cues for the lesson were:
1. Low release
2. Foot swings behind
3. Fingers to shoulder
4. Hold your pose.
I felt these were important to cover to help a beginner bowler or to improve one’s bowling form. To help my students stay on task I created a worksheet that they would fill out to help improve their form and to remember my cues for the lesson. I also adapted this worksheet to suit the needs for left handed students in my class. I feel that it is important to do this rather than telling these students to do the opposite as what the directions tell them too. This will help them learn faster by reducing processing time that would be needed to figure out what is opposite for them to do.
Next I allowed the students to work on their cues as they went to their lanes to practice rolling the bowling ball. I visited the students and gave feedback by either walking in the approach area making sure not to get in anyone’s way and looping behind to see their progress on the worksheet. In the picture above I am asking Frank what cue he was focusing on for his next roll. I was glad to see that students had been following directions and giving their partners high fives like worksheet had asked of them. Below Amy and Jack celebrate by giving a high five, while Frank and Brad look on.
I felt that I had been doing well spreading my attention to all my students but soon realized that my numbers seemed to have gotten smaller. I scanned the area as I had expected Dr. Yang to throw a loophole in my lesson. Sure enough a few of the students had ventured of to the dinning area and were about to get an early start to lunch. I headed in their direction keeping my body facing the rest of the class to ensure I did not have any other students wondering off. I addressed the students by saying I was aware it was almost lunchtime but the lesson would be over shortly and they would be able to eat soon enough.
One of the students, Mike Putnum, seemed a little reluctant because he had been frustrated that he had been rolling gutter balls. I encouraged him that I was not focusing on where the ball went rather the form of releasing the ball properly and told him we would be working on aiming in the upcoming units. I talked him through the cues, had him watch his partner, then watched as he executed well on his turn. I asked if there was anything else I could help him with before working my way back down to the lower numbered lanes.
I brought the class in towards the middle lanes and explained the modified game of 3-6-9 bowling. This is a game to help encourage less experienced bowlers because it allows them to get an automatic strike on the 3rd, 6th, and 9th frame. The papers were all ready at their lanes so they did not have to waste time waiting in line to get a sheet. The class seemed to be enjoying themselves but unfortunately the limited time cut the game a little short. I gathered the students one last time to do a closure to the lesson asking about the cues and to remind them that we are in a public place and if we would like to maintain our privileges we have to be on our best behavior and not allow any other instances of wondering off task to occur.
Overall, I felt confident and comfortable during my lesson even being short on time and having little experience bowling. I felt it was fun to be in a new environment other than the gymnasium and felt the class enjoyed my lesson. I hope to build from this and keep making my lessons fun and creative.
Take some time to check out different components of my lesson. Note I need to use a PC to update my audio. When I am able to do so my other links will be updated as well.
On October 23, 2009 Mr. Rob Krowiak and I teamed up to teach or Lab C or International Lab. The previous week we had decided that Poland would be our country due to our Polish ancestry. However, we had a rather small dilemma that Poland is not known for much other than their Kielbasa (sausage) and their success in The World’s Strongest Man competitions. We decided to focus on European Handball, as it is something that most students here in America have not had much experience and would be new to a majority of our class. We decided to discuss some of the basic rules of handball but opted to focus on the different throws or passes that could be used in a typical game. Mr. Krowiak taught the first half of the lesson including the instant activity of blindfold tag (you can see me leading my partner in the picture below).
When I took over the lesson, the students had been working on over hand, bounce, and jump pass, along with a trick behind the back pass with their partner. To make things a bit more challenging for the students I began my section of the lesson by introducing a defender. The students could only use the overhand and underhand pass and the defender had to use shadow defense. This type of defense is basic and used to help the offense transition to having a defensive player involved. The defensive person would simply raise their arms to force and overhand pass or put their hands down low to force and overhand throw.
After a few minutes of this task, I brought the students in to tell them they could use all of the throws that Mr. Krowiak had taught but now the defense would be playing at 80% so they had to be a bit more careful or smart about what passes to use. After a few minutes of working on all the throws with a defender it was time to bring in the students so they could work on a new task of shooting. I described their new task of going one on one with a partner to attempt to score using the jump shot, but also letting them know they could use the other throws they had learned during the lesson. I had placed some goals on the sides of the gym prior to class and used the big red mats on the wall as goals for the groups to spread out the groups and to allow all the students to be active and prevent waiting in lines.
Before sending the students out I reminded them of the close space and not to shoot when others are retrieving a ball. The students seemed to enjoy this section of the lesson and I could see some competition rise as students attempted to score. Before long it was time to end the lesson so Mr. Krowiak and I brought the students in to ask about some of the different throws they had learned. I offered extra credit to the students if they could correctly spell my mother’s maiden Polish name of Strojnowski for the next class.
I felt more comfortable in this Lab compared to the previous lessons that I had taught. It was fun to work with a partner and liked how we each had our own areas to teach. Best of all, I felt that the class really enjoyed the lesson and were disappointed when we had to end the lesson.
Unfortunately I am having some technical difficulties with the video clip from this lesson (the pains that come from being a Mac lover in a PC world) so some of the links below will be updated at a later date. Thank you for understanding.
Thursday, November 5, 2009
On Saturday October 24th Cortland FC avenged early season setbacks to claim the CCSL playoffs. CFC found themselves behind in the standings after starting their season 0-1-1 after their first two games. Playing a man down for much of the second half CFC was content with a 1-1 tie against ESF. A week later more disappointment as Ithaca prevailed 4-2. Eventually CFC got back on the winning track with home wins against Oswego 3-0 and a narrow escape of Cornell 3-2. To clinch the regular season championship CFC traveled to Syracuse on a cold and rainy Saturday morning and climbed from an early 1-0 deficit to triumph a 3-1 victory on perhaps one of the sloppiest field conditions the players ever have faced. In the semi-finals of the tournament CFC continued their winning streak by seeking revenge for their early season loss as they once again overcame and early deficit to beat rival Ithaca 2-1 in part 2 of Cortaca. Redemption was on mind for the Championship game against ESF. CFC had been winless in their last three meetings (0-0, 1-2OT, 1-1) including last years early exist in the semi finals. CFC found the back of the net within the first two minutes of play and never looked back as they went on to rout ESF 4-0 and continuing their 138 straight minutes without allowing a goal. This was a great way to end the season with a 5-1-1 record in front of a home crowd for CFC, as they repeated as League Champions and won the CCSL playoffs.
On Friday October 2nd we continued our Ultimate (Frisbee) Planning Unit in 255 as we taught Lab B. My topic was while players pass and move and in a defender. I felt what all I could do was improve from my previous experience with Lab A. However, once again it seemed like my nerves got the best of me. I tried to relax before class and up until I taught but felt like the material I was going to cover had been covered by previous students when they introduced intra task variations into their lessons. I felt that I should not be repeating previous information but knew I had to stick to my topic and adapt the best I could.
After analyzing my teaching from Lab A2 I had caught myself saying “you guys” so I went into the lesson trying to eliminate that phrase from my vocabulary. After listening to my audio I did in fact improve by not saying this phrase. However, at times I did fail to eliminate it completely, with only audio to refer back to, it may be possible that the groups I referred to were indeed all guys. Even so, I know I must work on cutting out this saying completely. To see what was said during my lesson, check out my transcription.
One aspect I realized I did much better on was the amount of activity time in my lesson. In Lab A2 I fell short on the amount of time that students participated in activity during the lesson. Being active is the key to Physical Education so it is important not to cut this time shorter than it all ready is for a lesson. As I listened to my audio clip I completed the time coding sheet. This breaks my lesson into ten second intervals and I describe what those ten seconds were spent doing. I fill this for each of the ten seconds until the lesson is over. I improved from the first time coding lesson and scored a 3 out of 4 up from a 1 out of 4 I had during Lab A2.
Giving congruent feedback on the cues for my lesson while using students names is another aspect I can improve on during my lesson. Although I know all my students in the class, I am sometimes reluctant to use their names. I know that this is important because it allows the student to realize that as a teacher I can tell when they are doing the skill or activity well. At the same time I need to allow the student what it is exactly that they are doing proper rather than just saying “good job”. While listening to my audio clip and looking back at my transcription I realized that I gave feedback 12 times to students. Unfortunately only one quarter of the time or to four students did I use their name. The other eight times I did not use a name. Even more disturbing was the fact that I only gave two congruent forms of feedback. Both to students whose named I used. Perhaps using names will lead to more congruent feedback.
You can only improve by practicing. Every time I can teach and analyze my experience I will find more of my strengths and weaknesses. Then I can improve on my weaknesses to make me a better teacher. I look forward to improving for my next lesson.
In case you might have missed...
In case you might have missed...
On Friday September 18, 2009 I completed Lab 2A during Dr. Yang’s Education 255 class. I went into the class more relaxed because I had time to think about what I was going to teach compared to the first day when we were told we would be giving an impromptu lesson. I anticipated doing a lesson in soccer focusing proper techniques of heading a soccer ball with cues, practice, and a quick drill. Unfortunately, another student did a lesson on heading prior to mine. I opted to teach another aspect on heading rather than doing a lesson twice. However, I did not anticipate an incident like this to occur. I had to think of a new technique to focus on minutes prior to teaching so even with my prior planning I still ended up doing a spontaneous lesson. I opened the lesson by having the students grab a soccer ball. Instead of bringing them in to talk about the lesson, I opted to have them get a soccer ball and start dribbling around the gym for about thirty seconds. I used this as my instant activity and it help reduce the amount of time standing around or waiting to get a ball. After this I brought them in to talk about the lesson. At this point I had worked myself up and was nervous because I did not have the time to put ideas together like I desired. Recalling the lesson and looking back at the video I can hear myself stumble to find the right words. I mixed skills focused on in prior soccer lessons and struggled to get the word “cues” off the tip of my tongue. Once I calmed down and took a breath to regain my composure I seemed to have more confidence in myself and in my lesson. I explained a couple of cues that I wanted to focus on: planting the foot next to the ball, pointing the toe down, and keeping your eye on the ball. Next, I had the class line up on the wall and practice the movement I had described and showed to them. At the time, and during the lesson it became clear that I did not properly explain myself as I saw students passing the ball against the wall rather than using the cues to help the movement. What I should have done next would be to practice this motion in full with out the ball. This would have given myself a better transition into actually shooting the ball. Again, I will criticize my action of lining the class up at the foul line to shoot at the red mats on the wall. The spacing and the size of the mats just seemed ideal at the time. I should have told those who were waiting to do the “foundation” or a basic skill of dribbling the ball between your inseam of your feet to keep them moving and to allow them to have more touches with the ball. Looking back I could have also allowed the class as a whole to line up across the gym at the foul line and have them act as a firing squad and tie that into the lesson by saying something such as: I heard in Mrs. Smith’s history class you have been learning about the Battle of Gettysburg, now we are about to do some shooting of our own, on my command aim, and fire! I feel like this would be more interesting way of working on shooting and I could focus on parts of the group as we did this a few times. I have found quite a fair share of criticism during my short lesson but what caught my attention while watching the youtube video was that during the drill, when I had the students line up and practice their form against the wall, I had walked behind the students to observe their form but had stopped to move basketballs that had been in the area from the previous lesson. I did not recall doing this in my lesson but looking at the video I felt like this was a good effort to keep a safe environment for my class by removing potentially dangerous situation such as tripping of the balls. I learned a lot during this lesson and now will be prepared with more than one lesson to teach in the future. Also, I know that learning is achieved by making mistakes and fixing them. I plan on reducing and eliminating the number of mistakes I make in the upcoming Labs so I strive to become the teacher that I know I am capable of being.
Take a closer look at my lesson by checking out the links below